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Development of Bioethics Discipline in Central South University

Central South University’s discipline of bioethics, which integrates resources and advantages of basic medicine and ethics, is a growing and emerging interdiscipline. Its main research interests include ethics in biomedical and behavioral medicine research, ethical issues in the environment and population, ethics in doctor-patient relationships and informed consent, ethics in euthanasia and hospice, ethical issues in distribution of health resources and health care systems ,ethical issues in animal experimentation and plant protection; and ethics in medical technology such as human reproduction, fertility control, genetics, birth control, death, euthanasia, and organ transplantation, etc. Bioethics in our university is a self-designed second-level doctoral program. In 2002, we obtained the right to confer doctoral degree.

Central South University’s doctoral program in bioethics was established in 2003. It’s a discipline that belongs to the School of Basic Medicine; its enrollment training and its teaching management belong to the School of Public Administration.Biothics is a second-degree discipline,while its basic discipline is medicine, and its first-degree discipline is basic medicine. This kind of scientific affiliation and positioning is the earliest and the only one in China. At present, there are many colleges and universities across the country that carry out bioethical research , for example, Peking University, Southeast University and Beijing Normal University, etc, where bioethics is only a research direction of ethics or philosophy of science and technology. However, bioethics of Shandong University School of Medicine belongs to a research direction of humanistic medicine. Huazhong University of Science and Technology’s Philosophy Department and Chinese Academy of Social Sciences’ Philosophy Department and other colleges have the conditions similar to the above.

At present, there are a number of international and national projects that are undertaken by the discipline of bioethics: The National Institutes of Health (NIH) 's "Masters Level Bioethics Program at Central South University in Changsha, China"(2017-2022), with a grant of US $ 1.2 million, is mainly aiming at establishing an internationalized, sustainable, interdisciplinary bioethical master's education mechanism and short-term certification training mode in biothics in Central South University, and an integrated system of human body research and protection, and also setting up a dedicated leading training institution in Central South University Medical Ethics Research Center. The National Institutes of Health (NIH)’s  "Research Ethics Training and Curriculum Development Program"2011-2015with a grant of US $ 1.2 million had helped our university setting up an international medical ethics research center. With the help of Yale University’s resources, we have established an international ethics course system which is suitable for medical postgraduates and we have trained a group of experts capable of undertaking education and training in bioethics and other related fields for our university. National Social Science Fund Major Project: "Bioethics in Modern Medical Technology and Its Research on Legal Issues "(with a total amount of 800,000 yuan), which is the first bioethics’s major project of National Social Science Fund in interdisciplinary fields, as well as a symbol of the developing and maturing of bioethics in our country, and has great significance of developing of interdisciplinary and the construction of bioethics talents tranining in colleges. The National Social Science Fund Youth Project: "Ethical Issues and Governance in Brain Imaging Technology" with a grant of 200,000 yuan in 2016. As well as"Bioethics and Law in Assisted Reproductive Technology, Bioethics and Law in Transplantation", "Bioethics and Law in Gene Therapy", "Bioethics and Legal Issues in Brain Imaging", "and Modern life ethics and legal issues in the relationship between doctors and patients" got the Key Projects of Social Science in Hunan Province. And also "Neuroscience challenge and reflection on moral judgment"(14YBA388) and "Research on ethical issues in the construction of medical big data" (15YBA403) got the Hunan Provincial Social Science Fund General Project, and "Ethical issues in brain imaging technology Research "(CX2011B039) got the Hunan Provincial Research Project .

中南大学生命伦理学学科,是整合其自身基础医学与伦理学这两大学科资源特色及优势而成长起来的新兴交叉学科。主要研究方向包括:生物医学和行为研究中的伦理问题,环境与人口中的伦理道德问题,医患关系与知情同意的伦理问题,安乐死及临终关怀的伦理问题,卫生资源的分配与保健制度的伦理问题;动物实验和植物保护中的道德问题;以及人类生殖、生育控制、遗传、优生、死亡、安乐死、器官移植等医疗技术方面的伦理问题。我校的生命伦理学为自主设置的二级学科博士点,2002年获得博士学位授予权。

中南大学生命伦理学博士点成立于2003年,学科归属基础医学院,招生培养和教学管理归属公共管理学院。其学科门类属于医学、一级学科是基础医学,生命伦理学属于二级学科。这种科学归属和定位在全国是最早的、也是唯一的。目前全国开展生命伦理学研究的高校有很多,例如,北京大学,东南大学北京师范大学等,生命伦理学只是科学技术哲学或伦理学的一个研究方向;而山东大学医学院,生命伦理学属于人文医学的一个研究方向。华中科技大学哲学系和中国社会科学院哲学系等其他高校情况与上述类似。

目前生命伦理学学科承担的国际和国内项目多项:2017-2022 美国国立卫生研究院NIH“Masters Level Bioethics Program at Central South University in Changsha, China”,资助金额120万美元, 主要目的是在中南大学建立一个富有国际化的、可持续的、跨学科的生命伦理学硕士教育机制和生命伦理学短期认证培训模式,建立一个综合的人体研究保护体系,并在中南大学医学伦理学研究中心成立专门的引领性的培训机构。2011-2015 美国国立卫生研究院NIH“Research Ethic Training and Curriculum Development Program with China”,资助金额120万美元, 该项目帮助我校成立了国际化的医学伦理学研究中心;借助耶鲁大学资源,建立了国际性的适合医学研究生的伦理学课程体系;为我校培养了一批能够承担教育和培训生物伦理相关领域的专家.国家社科基金重大项目:“现代医疗技术中的生命伦理及其法律问题研究”,(资助金额80万人民币),这是我国交叉学科领域第一个“生命伦理学”的国家社科基金重大项目,也是我国生命伦理学不断发展成熟的标志,对交叉学科发展和高校生命伦理学人才培养建设意义重大;国家社科基金青年项目:“脑成像技术中的伦理问题及治理研究”(2016年国家社科基金青年项目立项,资助金额20万人民币)。湖南省社科重点项目:人类辅助生殖技术中的生命伦理与法律问题、移植技术中的生命伦理与法律问题、基因治疗技术中的生命伦理与法律问题、脑成像技术中的生命伦理与法律问题、现代医患关系中的生命伦理与法律问题。湖南省社科基金一般项目“神经科学对道德判断的挑战与反思”(14YBA388),“医疗大数据建设中的伦理问题研究(15YBA403);湖南省科研创新项目“脑成像技术的伦理问题研究”CX2011B039

 


 

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